Query: CU928145:2973968 Escherichia coli 55989 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Escherichia coli; Escherichia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.
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General Information: This bacterium is named after Simona Kahane who discovered the organism as a contaminant in cell cultures at Ber Sheva, in the Negev Desert, Israel, in 1993. Simkania negevensis is a member of the order Chlamydiales and can reside intracellularly and has a slow prolonged developmental cycle. It has a wide geographical and environmental distribution and is associated with pneumonia, bronchiolitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, furthermore, it is completely resistant to penicillin and to bacitracin. The natural hosts of Simkania negevensis bacteria might be amoebae.