Pre_GI: OUP Neighbours

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Query: NC_012658:35500 Clostridium botulinum Ba4 str. 657 chromosome, complete genome

D: 25.1205

Host Lineage: Clostridium botulinum; Clostridium; Clostridiaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: Clostridium botulinum Ba4 str. 657 was isolated from an infant botulism case in 1976. The strain is a bivalent Ba strain, that simultaneously produces two different toxin types. This organism produces one of the most potent and deadly neurotoxins known, a botulinum toxin that prevents the release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction, thereby inhibiting muscle contraction and causing paralysis. In most cases the diseased person dies of asphyxiation as a result of paralysis of chest muscles involved in breathing. The spores are heat-resistant and can survive in inadequately heated, prepared, or processed foods. Spores germinate under favorable conditions (anaerobiosis and substrate-rich environment) and bacteria start propagating very rapidly, producing the toxin.Botulinum toxin, and C. botulinum cells, has been found in a wide variety of foods, including canned ones. Almost any food that has a high pH (above 4.6) can support growth of the bacterium. Honey is the most common vehicle for infection in infants. Food poisoning through C. botulinum is the most frequent type of infection caused by this bacterium. The wound botulism that occurs when C. botulinum infects an individual via an open wound is much rarer and is very similar to tetanus disease. There are several types of botulinum toxin known (type A through type F), all of them being neurotoxic polypeptides. The most common and widely distributed are strains and serovars of C. botulinum that produce type A toxin.

Number of Neighbours: 34




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Islands with an asterisk (*) contain ribosomal proteins or RNA related elements and may indicate a False Positive Prediction!

Subject IslandSubject Host Description Compositional Similarity Proposed Island FlowSubject Island D
NC_009922:2590317*Alkaliphilus oremlandii OhILAs, complete genome79.6875 %Subject ←→ Query28.7836
NC_018704:81733*Amphibacillus xylanus NBRC 15112, complete genome77.3315 %Subject ←→ Query31.3096
NC_011725:4870223Bacillus cereus B4264 chromosome, complete genome75.7721 %Subject ←→ Query24.9713
NC_014171:235558*Bacillus thuringiensis BMB171 chromosome, complete genome76.008 %Subject ←→ Query34.2266
NC_014171:261952Bacillus thuringiensis BMB171 chromosome, complete genome81.2684 %Subject ←→ Query32.2886
NC_014171:71963*Bacillus thuringiensis BMB171 chromosome, complete genome77.454 %Subject Query40.659
NC_014171:521996*Bacillus thuringiensis BMB171 chromosome, complete genome80.0398 %Subject ←→ Query30.1532
NC_014171:1*Bacillus thuringiensis BMB171 chromosome, complete genome77.9351 %Subject ←→ Query28.4052
NC_017208:1*Bacillus thuringiensis serovar chinensis CT-43 chromosome, complete77.9933 %Subject ←→ Query25.5432
NC_017208:256163*Bacillus thuringiensis serovar chinensis CT-43 chromosome, complete80.8517 %Subject ←→ Query23.5449
NC_017208:64500*Bacillus thuringiensis serovar chinensis CT-43 chromosome, complete78.0453 %Subject ←→ Query27.6621
NC_017208:516127*Bacillus thuringiensis serovar chinensis CT-43 chromosome, complete79.1422 %Subject ←→ Query29.7645
NC_003030:155554*Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824, complete genome80.193 %Subject ←→ Query25.4651
NC_015687:155554*Clostridium acetobutylicum DSM 1731 chromosome, complete genome80.0705 %Subject ←→ Query25.4773
NC_018664:3009166*Clostridium acidurici 9a chromosome, complete genome83.9583 %Subject ←→ Query30.2312
NC_018664:985689*Clostridium acidurici 9a chromosome, complete genome83.9706 %Subject ←→ Query25.959
NC_009697:38000*Clostridium botulinum A str. ATCC 19397 chromosome, complete95.5024 %Subject ←→ Query21.0567
NC_009495:38000*Clostridium botulinum A str. ATCC 3502 chromosome, complete genome96.4798 %Subject ←→ Query22.2594
NC_009698:38000*Clostridium botulinum A str. Hall chromosome, complete genome95.4841 %Subject ←→ Query21.6343
NC_012658:3827500*Clostridium botulinum Ba4 str. 657 chromosome, complete genome91.3021 %Subject ←→ Query23.0069
NC_015425:2690448*Clostridium botulinum BKT015925 chromosome, complete genome89.4884 %Subject ←→ Query23.0814
NC_017297:33519*Clostridium botulinum F str. 230613 chromosome, complete genome96.6054 %Subject ←→ Query22.8712
NC_009699:33452*Clostridium botulinum F str. Langeland chromosome, complete genome96.5165 %Subject ←→ Query22.2813
NC_016627:4490435*Clostridium clariflavum DSM 19732 chromosome, complete genome81.973 %Subject ←→ Query25.3329
NC_009706:3845039*Clostridium kluyveri DSM 555 chromosome, complete genome85.7904 %Subject ←→ Query27.6281
NC_011837:3776541Clostridium kluyveri NBRC 12016, complete genome85.7904 %Subject ←→ Query27.884
NC_014614:554949*Clostridium sticklandii, complete genome81.9792 %Subject ←→ Query31.7606
NC_016584:85543*Desulfosporosinus orientis DSM 765 chromosome, complete genome76.5931 %Subject ←→ Query31.2553
NC_004193:79588*Oceanobacillus iheyensis HTE831, complete genome77.9749 %Subject Query40.5153
NC_015760:123929*Streptococcus salivarius CCHSS3, complete genome76.3419 %Subject Query37.0106
NC_010321:429720*Thermoanaerobacter pseudethanolicus ATCC 33223 chromosome, complete82.3774 %Subject ←→ Query25.0465
NC_010321:2256758Thermoanaerobacter pseudethanolicus ATCC 33223 chromosome, complete82.5123 %Subject ←→ Query28.01
NC_010320:33814*Thermoanaerobacter sp. X514 chromosome, complete genome82.1415 %Subject ←→ Query29.5127
NC_010320:918532*Thermoanaerobacter sp. X514 chromosome, complete genome81.7034 %Subject ←→ Query25.9351