Pre_GI Island

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n1_4mer:GRV/n1_4mer:RV = (Global Relative Variance of OU patterns) / (Local Relative Variance of OU patterns)

n0_4mer:D = Distance between local and global OU patterns

n0_4mer:PS = Distance between 2 strands of same DNA molecule

Selected loci indicated by large D, increased GRV associated with decreased RV and moderate increase in PS

NC_011835: Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis AD011 chromosome, complete

NCBI: NC_011835

Host Lineage: Bifidobacterium animalis; Bifidobacterium; Bifidobacteriaceae; Bifidobacteriales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: Isolated from the fecal sample of a healthy, breast-fed infant. Normal gut bacterium. Representatives of this genus naturally colonize the human gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and are important for establishing and maintaining homeostasis of the intestinal ecosystem to allow for normal digestion. Their presence has been associated with beneficial health effects, such as prevention of diarrhea, amelioration of lactose intolerance, or immunomodulation. The stabilizing effect on GIT microflora is attributed to the capacity of bifidobacteria to produce bacteriocins, which are bacteriostatic agents with a broad spectrum of action, and to their pH-reducing activity. Most of the ~30 known species of bifidobacteria have been isolated from the mammalian GIT, and some from the vaginal and oral cavity. All are obligate anaerobes belonging to the Actinomycetales, branch of Gram-positive bacteria with high GC content that also includes Corynebacteria, Mycobacteria, and Streptomycetes.

Islands with an asterisk (*) contain ribosomal proteins or RNA related elements and may indicate a False Positive Prediction!

#StartEndLengthIsland TextGRV_RVDPSNeighboursClusterSub ClusterBLASTNKey Word ConfirmationOther DB ConfirmationDownload Island
1232045367130468Island text2.4120234.560341.2913Neighbours116BLASTN+IslandViewer 23204.gbk
262547265608830617Island text2.0238534.292835.3346Neighbours11BLASTN+IslandViewer 625472.gbk
373332078920655887Island text2.1969630.574827.0443Neighbours116BLASTN+IslandViewer 733320.gbk
481334584338030036Island text2.2185530.121627.7948Neighbours11BLASTN+IslandViewer 813345.gbk
5965977*98909023114Island text1.5751425.262643.6088Neighbours11BLASTN+IslandViewer 965977.gbk
61395716*141812122406Island text1.6980123.878338.6162Neighbours11BLASTN1395716.gbk
71819707*184464924943Island text1.5991428.863422.053Neighbours11BLASTN+IslandViewer 1819707.gbk