NC_008800:1090000 Yersinia enterocolitica subsp. enterocolitica 8081 chromosome,
Host Lineage: Yersinia enterocolitica; Yersinia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria
General Information: This isolate (strain 8081; NCTC 13174) is a mouse-lethal serotype of Yersinia enterocolitica that contains a high pathogenicity island (HPI) that encodes an iron uptake system (yersiniabactin) and a type II secretion system. Causes gastroenteritis. Specific virulence factors are encoded within pathogenicity islands (PAIs) that are required for the invasive phenotype associated with Yersinia infections. One key virulence plasmid contained by the three human-specific pathogens is pCD1/pYv, which encodes a type III secretion system for the delivery of virulence proteins that contribute to internalization into the host cell. This species is a food and waterborn pathogen that causes gastroenteritis (inflammation of the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestine) and is able to proliferate at temperatures as low as 4 degrees C.