NC_005362:52848 Lactobacillus johnsonii NCC 533, complete genome
Host Lineage: Lactobacillus johnsonii; Lactobacillus; Lactobacillaceae; Lactobacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria
General Information: This strain is a human isolate from the Nestle strain collection that has been studied for immunomodulation as well as pathogen inhibition. Probiotic microorganism. They are commonly found in the oral, vaginal, and intestinal regions of many animals. They are important industrial microbes that contribute to the production of cheese, yogurt, and other products such as fermented milks, all stemming from the production of lactic acid, which inhibits the growth of other organisms as well as lowering the pH of the food product. Industrial production requires the use of starter cultures, which are carefully cultivated, created, and maintained, which produce specific end products during fermentation that impart flavor to the final product, as well as contributing important metabolic reactions, such as the breakdown of milk proteins during cheese production. The end product of fermentation, lactic acid, is also being used as a starter molecule for complex organic molecule syntheses. Lactobacillus johnsonii is found in the human gut. It is a member of the acidophilus group of intestinal lactobacilli that has been extensively studied for their "probiotic" activities.