NC_005241:380415 Ralstonia eutropha H16 megaplasmid pHG1, complete sequence
Host Lineage: Cupriavidus necator; Cupriavidus; Burkholderiaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria
General Information: This strain (ATCC 17699; H16), formerly Alcaligenes eutrophus was originally isolated from sludge. This organism can utilize hydrogen, carbon dioxide, as well as organic compounds for growth and is a model organism for hydrogen oxidation as it can grow on hydrogen as the sole energy source. Cupriavidus necator also known as Ralstonia eutropha is a soil bacterium with diverse metabolic abilities. Strains of this organism are resistant to high levels of copper or are able to degrade chloroaromatic compounds such as halobenzoates and nitrophenols making them useful for bioremediation. Other strains have been studied for their ability to produce polyhydroxybutyrates which have industrial application. Another strain is able to attack other bacteria and fungi when nutrients in the soil are low.