Pre_GI Gene

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Host: NC_003155 NEIGHBOURS BLASTN Download Island sequence Download Island gene sequence(s)

NC_003155:5987000 Streptomyces avermitilis MA-4680, complete genome

Host Lineage: Streptomyces avermitilis; Streptomyces; Streptomycetaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: This strain (ATCC 31267) was isolated and characterized in 1978 by R. Burg and colleagues from a soil sample collected in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Antibiotic-producing bacterium. The characteristic earthy smell of freshly plowed soil is actually attributed to the aromatic terpenoid geosmin produced by species of Streptomyces. There are currently 364 known species of this genus, many of which are the most important industrial producers of antibiotics and other secondary metabolites of antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and antitumor nature, as well as immunosuppressants, antihypercholesterolemics, etc. Streptomycetes are crucial in the soil environment because their diverse metabolism allows them to degrade the insoluble remains of other organisms, including recalcitrant compounds such as lignocelluloses and chitin. Streptomycetes produce both substrate and aerial mycelium. The latter shows characteristic modes of branching, and in the course of the streptomycete complex life cycle, these hyphae are partly transformed into chains of spores, which are often called conidia or arthrospores. An important feature in Streptomyces is the presence of type-I peptidoglycan in the cell walls that contains characteristic interpeptide glycine bridges. Another remarkable trait of streptomycetes is that they contain very large (~8 million base pairs which is about twice the size of most bacterial genomes) linear chromosomes with distinct telomeres. These rearrangements consist of the deletion of several hundred kilobases, often associated with the amplification of an adjacent sequence, and lead to metabolic diversity within the Streptomyces group. Sequencing of several strains of Streptomyces is aimed partly on understanding the mechanisms involved in these diversification processes. This organism is a well known producer of the anti-parasitic agent avermectin which is widely used to rid livestock of worm and insect infestations and to protect large numbers of people from river blindness in sub-Saharan Africa.

This island contains ribosomal proteins or RNA related elements and may indicate a False Positive Prediction!

StartEndLengthCDS descriptionQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
5987138598744630930S ribosomal protein S10QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
59874645988108645ribosomal protein L3QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
5988114598877966650S ribosomal protein L4QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
5988779598919541750S ribosomal protein L23QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
5989235599007183750S ribosomal protein L2QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
59900845990365282ribosomal protein S19QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
59904085990755348ribosomal protein L22QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
5990755599158282830S ribosomal protein S3QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
5991589599200842050S ribosomal protein L16QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
59920085992232225ribosomal protein L29QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
59922325992516285ribosomal protein S17QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
59926205992988369ribosomal protein L14QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
5992991599331432450S ribosomal protein L24QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
5993314599387155850S ribosomal protein L5QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
5993877599406218630S ribosomal protein S14QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
5994274599467239930S ribosomal protein S8QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
5994697599523654050S ribosomal protein L6QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
59952405995623384ribosomal protein L18QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
5995665599627060630S ribosomal protein S5QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
59962735996455183ribosomal protein L30QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
5996458599691345650S ribosomal protein L15QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
599715859984741317preprotein translocase SecYQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
59984745999136663adenylate kinaseQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
59992836000119837methionine aminopeptidaseQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
60002876000508222translation initiation factor IF-1QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
6000568600068111450S ribosomal protein L36QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
6000885600126538130S ribosomal protein S13QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
6001363600176740530S ribosomal protein S11QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
600191060029321023DNA-directed RNA polymerase alpha subunitQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
60031146003617504ribosomal protein L17QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
60037076004564858tRNA pseudouridine synthase AQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
60045696005456888hypothetical proteinBLASTP
6005829600627244450S ribosomal protein L13QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
60063156006836522ribosomal protein S9QuickGO ontologyBLASTP
600704860084061359phosphoglucomutasephosphomannomutaseQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
60084746009427954hypothetical proteinBLASTP
60094446010433990pantothenate kinaseQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
60105916010848258hypothetical protein
601101260128591848D-fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferaseQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
601302960134003724-phosphopantetheinyl transferaseQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
601344160148711431hypothetical proteinBLASTP
601492360161401218hypothetical proteinBLASTP