Some Help

Query: NC_012658:2584355 Clostridium botulinum Ba4 str. 657 chromosome, complete genome

Start: 2584355, End: 2621927, Length: 37573

Host Lineage: Clostridium botulinum; Clostridium; Clostridiaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: Clostridium botulinum Ba4 str. 657 was isolated from an infant botulism case in 1976. The strain is a bivalent Ba strain, that simultaneously produces two different toxin types. This organism produces one of the most potent and deadly neurotoxins known, a botulinum toxin that prevents the release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction, thereby inhibiting muscle contraction and causing paralysis. In most cases the diseased person dies of asphyxiation as a result of paralysis of chest muscles involved in breathing. The spores are heat-resistant and can survive in inadequately heated, prepared, or processed foods. Spores germinate under favorable conditions (anaerobiosis and substrate-rich environment) and bacteria start propagating very rapidly, producing the toxin.Botulinum toxin, and C. botulinum cells, has been found in a wide variety of foods, including canned ones. Almost any food that has a high pH (above 4.6) can support growth of the bacterium. Honey is the most common vehicle for infection in infants. Food poisoning through C. botulinum is the most frequent type of infection caused by this bacterium. The wound botulism that occurs when C. botulinum infects an individual via an open wound is much rarer and is very similar to tetanus disease. There are several types of botulinum toxin known (type A through type F), all of them being neurotoxic polypeptides. The most common and widely distributed are strains and serovars of C. botulinum that produce type A toxin.

Search Results with any or all of these Fields

Host Accession, e.g. NC_0123..Host Description, e.g. Clostri...
Host Lineage, e.g. archae, Proteo, Firmi...
Host Information, e.g. soil, Thermo, Russia

Islands with an asterisk (*) contain ribosomal proteins or RNA related elements and may indicate a False Positive Prediction!

Subject IslandStartEndLengthSubject Host DescriptionE-valueBit scoreVisual BLASTNVisual BLASTP
NC_012563:2721658*2721658274175820101Clostridium botulinum A2 str. Kyoto, complete genome05897BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_010516:2511035*2511035254588934855Clostridium botulinum B1 str. Okra, complete genome05083BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_010520:2585014*2585014262041935406Clostridium botulinum A3 str. Loch Maree, complete genome04728BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_012563:2680246*2680246272077540530Clostridium botulinum A2 str. Kyoto, complete genome04561BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_014328:1405484*1405484142841522932Clostridium ljungdahlii ATCC 49587 chromosome, complete genome2e-150541BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_008261:2157713*2157713217590318191Clostridium perfringens ATCC 13124, complete genome9e-137496BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_008262:1835613*1835613185504319431Clostridium perfringens SM101, complete genome2e-134488BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_020291:1464500*1464500148221117712Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4(HMT), complete genome2e-79305BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_014657:944000*94400096534721348Caldicellulosiruptor owensensis OL chromosome, complete genome8e-1797.6BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_008346:14310511431051145644725397Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. wolfei str. Goettingen, complete8e-1797.6BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_019970:1343670*1343670136621022541Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum M0795, complete genome3e-1695.6BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_013515:347671*34767139636648696Streptobacillus moniliformis DSM 12112, complete genome3e-1695.6BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_011898:513835*51383553654722713Clostridium cellulolyticum H10, complete genome1e-1593.7BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_011653:1463743*1463743148807524333Thermosipho africanus TCF52B, complete genome8e-1487.7BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_013216:3376186*3376186339624020055Desulfotomaculum acetoxidans DSM 771, complete genome1e-1283.8BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_018721:86553086553088494719418Psychroflexus torquis ATCC 700755 chromosome, complete genome2e-1179.8BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_010336:733751*73375175293719187Francisella philomiragia subsp. philomiragia ATCC 25017, complete7e-1177.8BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_011661:1175743*1175743119876723025Dictyoglomus turgidum DSM 6724, complete genome3e-1075.8BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_015167:2068607*2068607209715528549Cellulophaga lytica DSM 7489 chromosome, complete genome1e-0973.8BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_011296:1299388*1299388132999530608Thermodesulfovibrio yellowstonii DSM 11347, complete genome1e-0973.8BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_011772:3787500*3787500381637528876Bacillus cereus G9842, complete genome2e-0869.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_010730:578493*57849359849320001Sulfurihydrogenibium sp. YO3AOP1, complete genome2e-0869.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_004461:921364*92136495875837395Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 12228, complete genome7e-0867.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_014758:1349494*1349494137004820555Calditerrivibrio nitroreducens DSM 19672 chromosome, complete7e-0867.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_007350:1551457*1551457156963918183Staphylococcus saprophyticus subsp. saprophyticus ATCC 15305,3e-0765.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_004722:3777907*3777907379634818442Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579, complete genome3e-0765.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_004432:1225077*1225077125005124975Mycoplasma penetrans HF-2, complete genome3e-0765.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_003909:3587695*3587695360609918405Bacillus cereus ATCC 10987, complete genome3e-0765.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_012778:841934*84193489007548142Eubacterium eligens ATCC 27750, complete genome4e-0661.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_012440:197728*19772822123323506Persephonella marina EX-H1, complete genome4e-0661.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg