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Query: NC_010723:1967106:1974326 Clostridium botulinum E3 str. Alaska E43, complete genome

Start: 1974326, End: 1975651, Length: 1326

Host Lineage: Clostridium botulinum; Clostridium; Clostridiaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: This strain was probably isolated from salmon eggs associated with a foodborne case of botulism in Alaska, however the exact details are not available. This genus comprises about 150 metabolically diverse species of anaerobes that are ubiquitous in virtually all anoxic habitats where organic compounds are present, including soils, aquatic sediments and the intestinal tracts of animals and humans. This shape is attributed to the presence of endospores that develop under conditions unfavorable for vegetative growth and distend single cells terminally or sub-terminally. Spores germinate under conditions favorable for vegetative growth, such as anaerobiosis and presence of organic substrates. It is believed that present day Mollicutes (Eubacteria) have evolved regressively (i.e., by genome reduction) from gram-positive clostridia-like ancestors with a low GC content in DNA. This organism produces one of the most potent and deadly neurotoxins known, a botulinum toxin that prevents the release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction, thereby inhibiting muscle contraction and causing paralysis. In most cases the diseased person dies of asphyxiation as a result of paralysis of chest muscles involved in breathing. The spores are heat-resistant and can survive in inadequately heated, prepared, or processed foods. Spores germinate under favorable conditions (anaerobiosis and substrate-rich environment) and bacteria start propagating very rapidly, producing the toxin.Botulinum toxin, and C. botulinum cells, has been found in a wide variety of foods, including canned ones. Almost any food that has a high pH (above 4.6) can support growth of the bacterium. Honey is the most common vehicle for infection in infants. Food poisoning through C. botulinum is the most frequent type of infection caused by this bacterium. The wound botulism that occurs when C. botulinum infects an individual via an open wound is much rarer and is very similar to tetanus disease. There are several types of botulinum toxin known (type A through type F), all of them being neurotoxic polypeptides. The most common and widely distributed are strains and serovars of C. botulinum that produce type A toxin.




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SubjectStartEndLengthSubject Host DescriptionCDS descriptionE-valueBit score
NC_010674:1822963:1834020183402018353451326Clostridium botulinum B str. Eklund 17B, complete genomeethanolamine utilization Fe-S center protein eut0837
NC_007907:456164:4740524740524754431392Desulfitobacterium hafniense Y51, complete genomehypothetical protein1e-113410
NC_009253:1381401:1392594139259413939161323Desulfotomaculum reducens MI-1 chromosome, complete genomerespiratory-chain NADH dehydrogenase domain-containing protein2e-112406
NC_018515:1663912:1678000167800016793431344Desulfosporosinus meridiei DSM 13257 chromosome, complete genomeNADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, subunit RnfC1e-109396
NC_016584:1714507:1724022172402217253621341Desulfosporosinus orientis DSM 765 chromosome, complete genomeNADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, subunit RnfC1e-102374
NC_016584:1998000:2031783203178320331231341Desulfosporosinus orientis DSM 765 chromosome, complete genomeNADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, subunit RnfC8e-102370
NC_016584:5625975:5634980563498056363171338Desulfosporosinus orientis DSM 765 chromosome, complete genomeNADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, subunit RnfC2e-98359
NC_014614:284005:3039403039403052771338Clostridium sticklandii, complete genomeRespiratory-chain NADH dehydrogenase domain, 51 kDa subunit8e-98357
NC_009633:3933941:3944504394450439458411338Alkaliphilus metalliredigens QYMF chromosome, complete genomerespiratory-chain NADH dehydrogenase domain-containing protein1e-97357
NC_014633:442755:4465294465294478721344Ilyobacter polytropus DSM 2926 plasmid pILYOP01, complete sequencerespiratory-chain NADH dehydrogenase domain 51 kDa subunit4e-96352
NC_014328:4316008:4326216432621643275441329Clostridium ljungdahlii ATCC 49587 chromosome, complete genomeputative RnfC related NADH dehydrogenase6e-96351
NC_007519:3240864:3261406326140632627341329Desulfovibrio alaskensis G20 chromosome, complete genomeelectron transfer protein (PduS)6e-95348
NC_009922:2556033:2568096256809625694241329Alkaliphilus oremlandii OhILAs, complete genomeRespiratory-chain NADH dehydrogenase domain 51 kDa subunit1e-93343
NC_010723:1465097:1480088148008814814161329Clostridium botulinum E3 str. Alaska E43, complete genomerespiratory-chain NADH dehydrogenase domain, 51 kda subunit5e-92338
NC_011740:2072173:2073282207328220746221341Escherichia fergusonii ATCC 35469, complete genomeputative propanediol utilization protein: ferredoxin pduS9e-92337
NC_016613:1877688:1878236187823618796031368Vibrio sp. EJY3 chromosome 1, complete sequencerespiratory-chain NADH dehydrogenase domain 51 kDa subunit2e-89329
NC_018870:705900:7311347311347324651332Thermacetogenium phaeum DSM 12270 chromosome, complete genomeputative NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase6e-89328
NC_010001:1488000:1499464149946415007921329Clostridium phytofermentans ISDg, complete genomeRespiratory-chain NADH dehydrogenase domain 51 kDa subunit1e-88327
NC_009706:830461:8515598515598528841326Clostridium kluyveri DSM 555 chromosome, complete genomeRnfC related NADH dehydrogenase1e-88327
NC_009706:830461:8555348555348568591326Clostridium kluyveri DSM 555 chromosome, complete genomeRnfC related NADH dehydrogenase1e-88327
NC_011837:830436:8515348515348528591326Clostridium kluyveri NBRC 12016, complete genomehypothetical protein1e-88327
NC_011837:830436:8555068555068568341329Clostridium kluyveri NBRC 12016, complete genomehypothetical protein8e-89327
NC_014654:1113116:1129372112937211307211350Halanaerobium sp. 'sapolanicus' chromosome, complete genomeRespiratory-chain NADH dehydrogenase domain 51 kDa subunit5e-88325
NC_010674:1496500:1509875150987515112031329Clostridium botulinum B str. Eklund 17B, complete genomerespiratory-chain NADH dehydrogenase domain, 51 kda subunit2e-86320
NC_017243:1813158:1819282181928218209431662Brachyspira intermedia PWS/A chromosome, complete genomehypothetical protein1e-84313
NC_011837:830436:8535418535418548721332Clostridium kluyveri NBRC 12016, complete genomehypothetical protein4e-82305
NC_011837:830436:8575168575168588471332Clostridium kluyveri NBRC 12016, complete genomehypothetical protein4e-82305
NC_009706:830461:8535698535698548971329Clostridium kluyveri DSM 555 chromosome, complete genomeRnfC related NADH dehydrogenase4e-82305
NC_009706:830461:8576458576458589731329Clostridium kluyveri DSM 555 chromosome, complete genomeRnfC related NADH dehydrogenase4e-82305
NC_009633:286677:3036153036153049611347Alkaliphilus metalliredigens QYMF chromosome, complete genomerespiratory-chain NADH dehydrogenase domain-containing protein1e-81303
NC_009697:419443:4220884220884234071320Clostridium botulinum A str. ATCC 19397 chromosome, completeRnfABCDGE type electron transport complex subunit C2e-37157
NC_009633:2350892:2350892235089223522201329Alkaliphilus metalliredigens QYMF chromosome, complete genomeRnfABCDGE type electron transport complex subunit C8e-35148
NC_017095:166896:1940961940961954031308Fervidobacterium pennivorans DSM 9078 chromosome, complete genomeRnfABCDGE type electron transport complex subunit C1e-33144
NC_010718:517473:5227055227055240271323Natranaerobius thermophilus JW/NM-WN-LF, complete genomeelectron transport complex, RnfABCDGE type, C subunit4e-31136
NC_017179:1197763:1204393120439312057301338Clostridium difficile BI1, complete genomeelectron transport complex protein3e-30133
NC_013315:1187986:1194616119461611959531338Clostridium difficile CD196 chromosome, complete genomeelectron transport complex protein3e-30133
NC_009089:1329826:1336456133645613377931338Clostridium difficile 630, complete genomeelectron transport complex protein3e-30133
NC_013316:1186156:1192232119223211935691338Clostridium difficile R20291, complete genomeelectron transport complex protein3e-30133
NC_014632:11925:2101721017223271311Ilyobacter polytropus DSM 2926 chromosome, complete genomeRnfABCDGE type electron transport complex subunit C7e-29128
NC_015578:3980496:4028093402809340294961404Treponema primitia ZAS-2 chromosome, complete genomeelectron transport complex protein RnfC2e-28127
NC_011661:1100576:1113734111373411150471314Dictyoglomus turgidum DSM 6724, complete genomeelectron transport complex, RnfABCDGE type, C subunit2e-28127
NC_020291:744329:7466997466997480181320Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4(HMT), complete genomeelectron transport complex protein RnfC9e-28125
NC_016614:686887:6868876868876884641578Vibrio sp. EJY3 chromosome 2, complete sequenceelectron transport complex protein rnfC1e-27124
NC_003454:63500:1059431059431072681326Fusobacterium nucleatum subsp. nucleatum ATCC 25586, completeNitrogen fixation iron-sulphur protein RNFC1e-26121
NC_013959:826868:8459138459138473911479Sideroxydans lithotrophicus ES-1 chromosome, complete genomeelectron transport complex, RnfABCDGE type, C subunit1e-26120
NC_006138:857692:8670058670058683211317Desulfotalea psychrophila LSv54, complete genomeelectron transport complex protein2e-25117
NC_014121:2330451:2358067235806723598901824Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae ATCC 13047 chromosome, completeelectron transport complex protein RnfC4e-25116
NC_010516:2594159:2607315260731526086191305Clostridium botulinum B1 str. Okra, complete genomeputative electron transport protein8e-25115
NC_009699:2654672:2667794266779426690981305Clostridium botulinum F str. Langeland chromosome, complete genomeelectron transport protein8e-25115
NC_017297:2635892:2667942266794226692461305Clostridium botulinum F str. 230613 chromosome, complete genomeputative electron transport protein8e-25115
NC_009495:2606238:2619269261926926205731305Clostridium botulinum A str. ATCC 3502 chromosome, complete genomeelectron transferring subunit of proline reductase6e-25115
NC_010520:2668702:2681811268181126831151305Clostridium botulinum A3 str. Loch Maree, complete genomeputative electron transport protein6e-25115
NC_009697:2478261:2491386249138624926901305Clostridium botulinum A str. ATCC 19397 chromosome, completeelectron transport protein6e-25115
NC_009698:2450606:2463731246373124650351305Clostridium botulinum A str. Hall chromosome, complete genomeelectron transport protein6e-25115
NC_009089:3782000:3801552380155238028651314Clostridium difficile 630, complete genomeputative electron transfer protein2e-24114
NC_013315:3613288:3627177362717736284901314Clostridium difficile CD196 chromosome, complete genomeelectron transfer protein2e-24114
NC_017179:3621306:3635195363519536365081314Clostridium difficile BI1, complete genomeelectron transfer protein2e-24114
NC_012563:2761570:2797497279749727988071311Clostridium botulinum A2 str. Kyoto, complete genomeputative electron transport protein2e-24114
NC_010516:2594159:2611158261115826124681311Clostridium botulinum B1 str. Okra, complete genomeputative electron transport protein2e-24114
NC_016816:2508204:2530624253062425331972574Pantoea ananatis LMG 5342, complete genomeRnfABCDGE type electron transport complex subunit C1e-24114
NC_009495:2606238:2623112262311226244221311Clostridium botulinum A str. ATCC 3502 chromosome, complete genomeelectron transferring subunit of proline reductase1e-24114
NC_009697:2478261:2495229249522924965391311Clostridium botulinum A str. ATCC 19397 chromosome, completeelectron transport protein1e-24114
NC_009698:2450606:2467574246757424688841311Clostridium botulinum A str. Hall chromosome, complete genomeelectron transport protein1e-24114
NC_012563:2761570:2793639279363927949431305Clostridium botulinum A2 str. Kyoto, complete genomeputative electron transport protein1e-24114
NC_009699:2654672:2671477267147726727871311Clostridium botulinum F str. Langeland chromosome, complete genomeelectron transport protein3e-24113
NC_017096:1147441:1169499116949911709111413Caldisericum exile AZM16c01, complete genomeelectron transport complex protein RnfC3e-24113
NC_010520:2668702:2685656268565626869661311Clostridium botulinum A3 str. Loch Maree, complete genomeputative electron transport protein8e-24112
NC_012658:2641446:2674696267469626760001305Clostridium botulinum Ba4 str. 657 chromosome, complete genomeputative electron transport protein7e-24112
NC_009348:2631759:2649127264912726513882262Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida A449, complete genomeelectron transport complex protein RnfC1e-23111
NC_017297:2635892:2665483266548326666011119Clostridium botulinum F str. 230613 chromosome, complete genomeputative electron transport protein1e-23111
NC_010516:2594159:2604854260485426059721119Clostridium botulinum B1 str. Okra, complete genomeputative electron transport protein1e-23111
NC_008309:1155218:1174542117454211765211980Haemophilus somnus 129PT, complete genomeelectron transport complex protein3e-23110
NC_012658:2641446:2678542267854226798521311Clostridium botulinum Ba4 str. 657 chromosome, complete genomeputative electron transport protein3e-23110
NC_010520:2668702:2679350267935026804681119Clostridium botulinum A3 str. Loch Maree, complete genomeputative electron transport protein3e-23110
NC_015709:1459838:1509607150960715110731467Zymomonas mobilis subsp. pomaceae ATCC 29192 chromosome, completeRnfABCDGE type electron transport complex subunit C2e-23110
NC_012658:2641446:2672240267224026733581119Clostridium botulinum Ba4 str. 657 chromosome, complete genome2e-23110
NC_012563:2761570:2791178279117827922961119Clostridium botulinum A2 str. Kyoto, complete genomeputative electron transport protein2e-23110
NC_012658:2641446:2656704265670426578221119Clostridium botulinum Ba4 str. 657 chromosome, complete genome4e-23109
NC_009698:2450606:2461270246127024623881119Clostridium botulinum A str. Hall chromosome, complete genomeNADH dehydrogenase5e-23109
NC_009495:2606238:2616809261680926179271119Clostridium botulinum A str. ATCC 3502 chromosome, complete genomeelectron transferring subunit of proline reductase5e-23109
NC_015424:2836920:2850483285048328531942712Aeromonas veronii B565 chromosome, complete genomeRnfABCDGE type electron transport complex subunit C9e-23108
NC_012563:2761570:2772988277298827741061119Clostridium botulinum A2 str. Kyoto, complete genomeputative electron transport protein8e-23108
NC_010516:2567911:2586690258669025878081119Clostridium botulinum B1 str. Okra, complete genomeputative electron transport protein7e-23108
NC_017297:2635892:2647309264730926484271119Clostridium botulinum F str. 230613 chromosome, complete genomeputative electron transport protein7e-23108
NC_010519:1764261:1777691177769117798112121Haemophilus somnus 2336 chromosome, complete genomeelectron transporter subunit RnfC7e-23108
NC_013194:4964000:4981008498100849825341527Candidatus Accumulibacter phosphatis clade IIA str. UW-1, completeelectron transport complex, RnfABCDGE type, C subunit3e-21103
NC_015567:2328782:2348192234819223504622271Serratia sp. AS9 chromosome, complete genomeElectron transport complex protein rnfC7e-1892.4
NC_015566:2328771:2348181234818123505802400Serratia sp. AS12 chromosome, complete genomeElectron transport complex protein rnfC8e-1892
NC_007955:1464000:1473614147361414749751362Methanococcoides burtonii DSM 6242, complete genomeelectron transport complex, RnfABCDGE type, C subunit4e-1583.2
NC_018419:862500:8761788761788775301353Secondary endosymbiont of Ctenarytaina eucalypti chromosome,NADH-quinone oxidoreductase, F subunit7e-1065.5
NC_005966:715591:7178977178977192281332Acinetobacter sp. ADP1, complete genomeNADH dehydrogenase I chain F2e-0757.8
NC_020409:135699:1594381594381606731236Desulfovibrio piezophilus str. nov C1TLV30 chromosome, completeputative Electron transport complex protein RnfC2e-0757.4
NC_009085:893601:8967088967088978951188Acinetobacter baumannii ATCC 17978, complete genomeNADH dehydrogenase I chain F2e-0757.4
NC_010611:797351:8004208004208017511332Acinetobacter baumannii ACICU, complete genomeNADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, NADH-binding (51 kD) subunit3e-0757
NC_017162:827567:8311228311228324531332Acinetobacter baumannii 1656-2 chromosome, complete genomenuoF3e-0757
NC_017171:825994:8290638290638303941332Acinetobacter baumannii MDR-ZJ06 chromosome, complete genomeNADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, NADH-binding (51 kD) subunit3e-0757
NC_017387:832000:8343618343618356921332Acinetobacter baumannii TCDC-AB0715 chromosome, complete genomeNADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, NADH-binding (51 kD) subunit3e-0757
NC_011595:3015895:3032683303268330340141332Acinetobacter baumannii AB307-0294, complete genomeNADH oxidoreductase (quinone), F subunit3e-0757
NC_014259:3369000:3382796338279633841271332Acinetobacter sp. DR1 chromosome, complete genomeNADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, NADH-binding (51 kD) subunit6e-0755.8