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Query: NC_010520:2860960 Clostridium botulinum A3 str. Loch Maree, complete genome

Start: 2860960, End: 2880971, Length: 20012

Host Lineage: Clostridium botulinum; Clostridium; Clostridiaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: Clostridium botulinum A3 str. Loch Maree was isolated from duck liver paste during a botulism outbreak at a hotel in the Scottish highlands in 1922. This was the first and worst outbreak of botulism in the United Kingdom (UK). This organism produces one of the most potent and deadly neurotoxins known, a botulinum toxin that prevents the release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction, thereby inhibiting muscle contraction and causing paralysis. In most cases the diseased person dies of asphyxiation as a result of paralysis of chest muscles involved in breathing. The spores are heat-resistant and can survive in inadequately heated, prepared, or processed foods. Spores germinate under favorable conditions (anaerobiosis and substrate-rich environment) and bacteria start propagating very rapidly, producing the toxin.Botulinum toxin, and C. botulinum cells, has been found in a wide variety of foods, including canned ones. Almost any food that has a high pH (above 4.6) can support growth of the bacterium. Honey is the most common vehicle for infection in infants. Food poisoning through C. botulinum is the most frequent type of infection caused by this bacterium. The wound botulism that occurs when C. botulinum infects an individual via an open wound is much rarer and is very similar to tetanus disease. There are several types of botulinum toxin known (type A through type F), all of them being neurotoxic polypeptides. The most common and widely distributed are strains and serovars of C. botulinum that produce type A toxin.

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Islands with an asterisk (*) contain ribosomal proteins or RNA related elements and may indicate a False Positive Prediction!

Subject IslandStartEndLengthSubject Host DescriptionE-valueBit scoreVisual BLASTNVisual BLASTP
NC_008593:11032931103293112464521353Clostridium novyi NT, complete genome2e-117430BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_014328:1135854*1135854115915023297Clostridium ljungdahlii ATCC 49587 chromosome, complete genome3e-107396BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_021182:2883716*2883716290856724852Clostridium pasteurianum BC1, complete genome3e-95357BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_010723:83387083387085686522996Clostridium botulinum E3 str. Alaska E43, complete genome6e-81309BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_010674:85839785839787856720171Clostridium botulinum B str. Eklund 17B, complete genome9e-74285BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_020291:4903981*4903981494131537335Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4(HMT), complete genome1e-63252BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_004557:558500*55850058274124242Clostridium tetani E88, complete genome3e-30141BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_018664:16633241663324168566922346Clostridium acidurici 9a chromosome, complete genome1e-29139BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_015687:1097447*1097447112292725481Clostridium acetobutylicum DSM 1731 chromosome, complete genome2e-28135BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_003030:1097625*1097625112310625482Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824, complete genome2e-28135BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_010520:11460001146000116884922850Clostridium botulinum A3 str. Loch Maree, complete genome2e-25125BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_010516:514000*51400053623322234Clostridium botulinum B1 str. Okra, complete genome1e-20109BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_010520:496500*49650051930622807Clostridium botulinum A3 str. Loch Maree, complete genome1e-20109BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_012563:519037*51903754582126785Clostridium botulinum A2 str. Kyoto, complete genome1e-20109BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_019978:62547662547664529019815Halobacteroides halobius DSM 5150, complete genome6e-1383.8BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_012225:787737*78773781134623610Brachyspira hyodysenteriae WA1, complete genome3e-1281.8BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_015555:21193521193523209920165Thermoanaerobacterium xylanolyticum LX-11 chromosome, complete6e-1073.8BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_006449:1606948*1606948162516418217Streptococcus thermophilus CNRZ1066, complete genome2e-0971.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_006448:1604627*1604627162285318227Streptococcus thermophilus LMG 18311, complete genome2e-0971.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_009662:645871*64587166758221712Nitratiruptor sp. SB155-2, complete genome1e-0869.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_014150:446359*44635946998023622Brachyspira murdochii DSM 12563 chromosome, complete genome4e-0867.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_014393:1590893*1590893163877247880Clostridium cellulovorans 743B chromosome, complete genome6e-0763.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_018607:1803500*1803500182666923170Brachyspira pilosicoli B2904 chromosome, complete genome2e-0661.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_014330:2268773*2268773229259923827Brachyspira pilosicoli 95/1000 chromosome, complete genome2e-0661.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_010516:3368951*3368951339250323553Clostridium botulinum B1 str. Okra, complete genome2e-0661.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_014758:245707*24570726409918393Calditerrivibrio nitroreducens DSM 19672 chromosome, complete9e-0660BLASTN svgBLASTP svg