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Query: NC_010520:121077:121077 Clostridium botulinum A3 str. Loch Maree, complete genome

Start: 121077, End: 121715, Length: 639

Host Lineage: Clostridium botulinum; Clostridium; Clostridiaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: Clostridium botulinum A3 str. Loch Maree was isolated from duck liver paste during a botulism outbreak at a hotel in the Scottish highlands in 1922. This was the first and worst outbreak of botulism in the United Kingdom (UK). This organism produces one of the most potent and deadly neurotoxins known, a botulinum toxin that prevents the release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction, thereby inhibiting muscle contraction and causing paralysis. In most cases the diseased person dies of asphyxiation as a result of paralysis of chest muscles involved in breathing. The spores are heat-resistant and can survive in inadequately heated, prepared, or processed foods. Spores germinate under favorable conditions (anaerobiosis and substrate-rich environment) and bacteria start propagating very rapidly, producing the toxin.Botulinum toxin, and C. botulinum cells, has been found in a wide variety of foods, including canned ones. Almost any food that has a high pH (above 4.6) can support growth of the bacterium. Honey is the most common vehicle for infection in infants. Food poisoning through C. botulinum is the most frequent type of infection caused by this bacterium. The wound botulism that occurs when C. botulinum infects an individual via an open wound is much rarer and is very similar to tetanus disease. There are several types of botulinum toxin known (type A through type F), all of them being neurotoxic polypeptides. The most common and widely distributed are strains and serovars of C. botulinum that produce type A toxin.

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SubjectStartEndLengthSubject Host DescriptionCDS descriptionE-valueBit score
NC_017297:122383:122383122383123021639Clostridium botulinum F str. 230613 chromosome, complete genomeputative zinc-dependent hydrolase2e-113407
NC_009699:122000:122117122117122755639Clostridium botulinum F str. Langeland chromosome, complete genomezinc-dependent hydrolase2e-113407
NC_009698:120119:120119120119120757639Clostridium botulinum A str. Hall chromosome, complete genomezinc-dependent hydrolase4e-113406
NC_009697:120117:120117120117120755639Clostridium botulinum A str. ATCC 19397 chromosome, completezinc-dependent hydrolase4e-113406
NC_010516:127000:127095127095127733639Clostridium botulinum B1 str. Okra, complete genomeputative zinc-dependent hydrolase4e-111400
NC_014328:180482:184034184034184666633Clostridium ljungdahlii ATCC 49587 chromosome, complete genomeputative hydrolase6e-50197
NC_015519:2526047:255363425536342554272639Tepidanaerobacter sp. Re1 chromosome, complete genomeZn-dependent hydrolase4e-46184
NC_010674:192951:212846212846213484639Clostridium botulinum B str. Eklund 17B, complete genomehypothetical protein5e-40164
NC_010723:173280:214638214638215276639Clostridium botulinum E3 str. Alaska E43, complete genomehypothetical protein5e-38157
NC_020291:1045058:104699210469921047636645Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4(HMT), complete genomeputative Zn-dependent hydrolase2e-37155
NC_013849:933913:956159956159956788630Ferroglobus placidus DSM 10642 chromosome, complete genomeZn-dependent hydrolase of the beta-lactamase fold-like protein1e-34146
NC_011297:1296968:131464513146451315283639Dictyoglomus thermophilum H-6-12, complete genomeZn-dependent hydrolase of the metallo-beta-lactamase superfamily2e-33142
NC_003366:2788268:279295327929532793606654Clostridium perfringens str. 13, complete genomehypothetical protein3e-32138
NC_008261:3014373:301559230155923016245654Clostridium perfringens ATCC 13124, complete genomeputative zinc-dependent hydrolase5e-32137
NC_008262:2649289:265914326591432659796654Clostridium perfringens SM101, complete genomezinc-dependent hydrolase, putative5e-32137
NC_015474:538544:570427570427571059633Pyrococcus sp. NA2 chromosome, complete genomehypothetical protein8e-1477
NC_007955:1566189:158844915884491589105657Methanococcoides burtonii DSM 6242, complete genomehypothetical protein3e-1271.6
NC_013741:27353:295962959630270675Archaeoglobus profundus DSM 5631, complete genomebeta-lactamase domain protein9e-1270.1
NC_016629:3308329:333518833351883335910723Desulfovibrio africanus str. Walvis Bay chromosome, completehypothetical protein1e-1170.1
NC_015320:1399589:141515814151581415844687Archaeoglobus veneficus SNP6 chromosome, complete genomehypothetical protein1e-1066.6
NC_016051:1849905:186491418649141865585672Thermococcus sp. AM4 chromosome, complete genomemetal-dependent hydrolase3e-1065.5
NC_013790:1081757:108175710817571082470714Methanobrevibacter ruminantium M1 chromosome, complete genomemetallo-beta-lactamase superfamily protein7e-1063.9
NC_011296:1542835:154363915436391544259621Thermodesulfovibrio yellowstonii DSM 11347, complete genomemetal dependent hydrolase2e-0962.4
NC_015320:1690047:170677517067751707401627Archaeoglobus veneficus SNP6 chromosome, complete genomehypothetical protein2e-0962.4
NC_014002:1772060:177206017720601772671612Methanohalophilus mahii DSM 5219 chromosome, complete genomehypothetical protein3e-0858.5
NC_014171:4447856:446989544698954470578684Bacillus thuringiensis BMB171 chromosome, complete genomemetal-dependent hydrolase4e-0858.2
NC_011725:4562709:458095745809574581640684Bacillus cereus B4264 chromosome, complete genomemetal-dependent hydrolase5e-0857.8
NC_010184:4425676:444678944467894447475687Bacillus weihenstephanensis KBAB4, complete genomebeta-lactamase domain protein5e-0754.3
NC_016779:4361140:438392043839204384603684Bacillus cereus F837/76 chromosome, complete genomeMetal-dependent hydrolase3e-0651.6