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Query: NC_009495:2085000:2096624 Clostridium botulinum A str. ATCC 3502 chromosome, complete genome

Start: 2096624, End: 2097619, Length: 996

Host Lineage: Clostridium botulinum; Clostridium; Clostridiaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: This strain is a well-studied Hall strain that produces type A toxin. Produces botulinum, one of the most potent toxins known. This genus comprises about 150 metabolically diverse species of anaerobes that are ubiquitous in virtually all anoxic habitats where organic compounds are present, including soils, aquatic sediments and the intestinal tracts of animals and humans. This shape is attributed to the presence of endospores that develop under conditions unfavorable for vegetative growth and distend single cells terminally or sub-terminally. Spores germinate under conditions favorable for vegetative growth, such as anaerobiosis and presence of organic substrates. It is believed that present day Mollicutes (Eubacteria) have evolved regressively (i.e., by genome reduction) from gram-positive clostridia-like ancestors with a low GC content in DNA. Some species are capable of producing organic solvents (acetone, ethanol, etc,), molecular hydrogen and other useful compounds. This organism produces one of the most potent and deadly neurotoxins known, a botulinum toxin that prevents the release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction, thereby inhibiting muscle contraction and causing paralysis. In most cases the diseased person dies of asphyxiation as a result of paralysis of chest muscles involved in breathing. The spores are heat-resistant and can survive in inadequately heated, prepared, or processed foods. Spores germinate under favorable conditions (anaerobiosis and substrate-rich environment) and bacteria start propagating very rapidly, producing the toxin. Botulinum toxin, and C. botulinum cells, has been found in a wide variety of foods, including canned ones. Almost any food that has a high pH (above 4.6) can support growth of the bacterium.

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SubjectStartEndLengthSubject Host DescriptionCDS descriptionE-valueBit score
NC_009697:2012500:202526520252652026260996Clostridium botulinum A str. ATCC 19397 chromosome, completeinternalin8e-118423
NC_009699:2142177:215496421549642155959996Clostridium botulinum F str. Langeland chromosome, complete genomeinternalin4e-116418
NC_010516:2093901:210473021047302105716987Clostridium botulinum B1 str. Okra, complete genomeputative internalin2e-111402
NC_012563:2230403:224333322433332244331999Clostridium botulinum A2 str. Kyoto, complete genomeputative internalin4e-108391
NC_012658:2138791:215135621513562152342987Clostridium botulinum Ba4 str. 657 chromosome, complete genomeleucine-rich repeat-containing protein2e-101369
NC_017297:2143000:215535221553522156059708Clostridium botulinum F str. 230613 chromosome, complete genomeputative internalin1e-95350
NC_009699:2142177:214398021439802144975996Clostridium botulinum F str. Langeland chromosome, complete genomeinternalin1e-89330
NC_010516:2093901:209390120939012094896996Clostridium botulinum B1 str. Okra, complete genomeputative internalin2e-89328
NC_012658:2138791:214036821403682141366999Clostridium botulinum Ba4 str. 657 chromosome, complete genomeleucine-rich repeat-containing protein6e-88324
NC_012563:2230403:223254122325412233539999Clostridium botulinum A2 str. Kyoto, complete genomeputative internalin2e-87322
NC_009698:2012500:201469020146902015688999Clostridium botulinum A str. Hall chromosome, complete genomeinternalin2e-86319
NC_009697:2012500:201447320144732015471999Clostridium botulinum A str. ATCC 19397 chromosome, completeinternalin2e-86319
NC_009495:2085000:208583220858322086830999Clostridium botulinum A str. ATCC 3502 chromosome, complete genomeleucine-rich repeat-containing protein2e-86319
NS_000195:219785:21978521978523012210338Candidatus Cloacamonas acidaminovoransputative Phosphoprotein phosphatase1e-1584.3
NC_021182:3525523:3526599352659935279721374Clostridium pasteurianum BC1, complete genomeIg-like domain-containing surface protein3e-1375.9
NC_013406:3819577:3834134383413438355491416Paenibacillus sp. Y412MC10 chromosome, complete genomecopper amine oxidase domain-containing protein8e-1374.7
NC_011773:549500:5661435661435691813039Bacillus cereus AH820 chromosome, complete genomeinternalin protein2e-1273.9
NC_010674:311378:3128533128533139141062Clostridium botulinum B str. Eklund 17B, complete genomeinternalin-A4e-1168.9
NC_019757:2675873:2690686269068626932802595Cylindrospermum stagnale PCC 7417, complete genomeLeucine Rich Repeat (LRR)-containing protein9e-1064.7
NC_010376:28812:3724337243419074665Finegoldia magna ATCC 29328, complete genomeN-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase1e-0963.9
NC_015514:33972:5682156821584941674Cellulomonas fimi ATCC 484 chromosome, complete genomehypothetical protein6e-0962
NC_012488:349862:3604113604113657385328Listeria monocytogenes Clip81459, complete genomeinternalin proteins, peptidoglycan bound protein (LPXTG motif)8e-0961.6
NC_016818:1963875:1973603197360319749191317Rahnella aquatilis CIP 78.65 = ATCC 33071 chromosome, completehypothetical protein7e-0961.6
NC_014218:696409:7129507129507160843135Arcanobacterium haemolyticum DSM 20595 chromosome, complete genomeLPXTG-motif cell wall anchor domain protein1e-0861.2
NC_002973:369650:3756863756863810135328Listeria monocytogenes str. 4b F2365, complete genomecell wall surface anchor family protein1e-0860.8
NC_019897:763412:7917667917667930641299Thermobacillus composti KWC4 chromosome, complete genomeS-layer protein2e-0653.9
NC_002967:552000:559133559133559849717Treponema denticola ATCC 35405, complete genomehypothetical protein3e-0652.8
NC_002973:369650:3721533721533752963144Listeria monocytogenes str. 4b F2365, complete genomecell wall surface anchor family protein4e-0652.4