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Query: NC_008258:2542863:2544866 Shigella flexneri 5 str. 8401, complete genome

Start: 2544866, End: 2545366, Length: 501

Host Lineage: Shigella flexneri; Shigella; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: This genus is named for the Japanese scientist (Shiga) who discovered them in the 1890s. They are closely related to the Escherichia group, and may be considered the same species. Shigella spp. are human-specific pathogens that are transmitted via contaminated food and water and are the leading causes of endemic bacillary dysentery, and over 1 million deaths worldwide are attributed to them. The bacteria infect the epithelial lining of the colon, causing acute inflammation by entering the host cell cytoplasm and spreading intercellularly. are extremely virulent organisms that require very few cells in order to cause disease. Both the type III secretion system, which delivers effector molecules into the host cell, and some of the translocated effectors such as the invasion plasmid antigens (Ipas), are encoded on the plasmid. The bacterium produces a surface protein that localizes to one pole of the cell (IcsA) which binds to and promotes actin polymerization, resulting in movement of the bacterium through the cell cytoplasm, and eventually to neighboring cells, which results in inflammatory destruction of the mucosal lining. This organism, along with Shigella sonnei, is the major cause of shigellosis in industrialized countries and is responsible for endemic infections.

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SubjectStartEndLengthSubject Host DescriptionCDS descriptionE-valueBit score
NC_004741:2526421:252929825292982529798501Shigella flexneri 2a str. 2457T, complete genomehypothetical protein5e-72269
NC_004337:2548288:255116425511642551664501Shigella flexneri 2a str. 301, complete genomehypothetical protein5e-72269
NC_017328:2586171:258880125888012589307507Shigella flexneri 2002017 chromosome, complete genomeEthanolamine utilization protein EutK6e-72269
NC_010468:1343228:136064813606481361148501Escherichia coli ATCC 8739, complete genomemicrocompartments protein5e-70263