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Query: NC_003997:4745027:4745027 Bacillus anthracis str. Ames, complete genome

Start: 4745027, End: 4745557, Length: 531

Host Lineage: Bacillus anthracis; Bacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: This well studied laboratory strain (Porton isolate) is not virulent due to the loss of the two plasmids, pXO1 and pXO2. Under starvation conditions this group of bacteria initiate a pathway that leads to endospore formation, a process that is thoroughly studied and is a model system for prokaryotic development and differentiation. Spores are highly resistant to heat, cold, dessication, radiation, and disinfectants, and enable the organism to persist in otherwise inhospitable environments. Under more inviting conditions the spores germinate to produce vegetative cells. This organism was the first to be shown to cause disease by Dr. Louis Pasteur (the organism, isolated from sick animals, was grown in the laboratory and then used to infect healthy animals and make them sick). This organism was also the first for which an attenuated strain was developed as a vaccine. Herbivorous animals become infected with the organism when they ingest spores from the soil whereas humans become infected when they come into contact with a contaminated animal. PA/LF and PA/EF complexes are internalized by host cells where the LF (metalloprotease) and EF (calmodulin-dependent adenylate cyclase) components act. At high levels LF induces cell death and release of the bacterium while EF increases host susceptibility to infection and promotes fluid accumulation in the cells.

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SubjectStartEndLengthSubject Host DescriptionCDS descriptionE-valueBit score
NC_012659:4745053:474505347450534745583531Bacillus anthracis str. A0248, complete genomeputative lipoprotein7e-88322
NC_007530:4744870:474515347451534745683531Bacillus anthracis str. 'Ames Ancestor', complete genomelipoprotein, putative7e-88322
NC_014335:4697293:469853146985314699058528Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis str. CI chromosome, completelipoprotein9e-86315
NC_011772:4875893:489620748962074896734528Bacillus cereus G9842, complete genomeputative lipoprotein1e-83308
NC_018665:1233084:123997812399781240505528Exiguobacterium antarcticum B7 chromosome, complete genomelipoprotein1e-0859.3