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Query: NC_003155:7979050:7993807 Streptomyces avermitilis MA-4680, complete genome

Start: 7993807, End: 7994568, Length: 762

Host Lineage: Streptomyces avermitilis; Streptomyces; Streptomycetaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: This strain (ATCC 31267) was isolated and characterized in 1978 by R. Burg and colleagues from a soil sample collected in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Antibiotic-producing bacterium. The characteristic earthy smell of freshly plowed soil is actually attributed to the aromatic terpenoid geosmin produced by species of Streptomyces. There are currently 364 known species of this genus, many of which are the most important industrial producers of antibiotics and other secondary metabolites of antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and antitumor nature, as well as immunosuppressants, antihypercholesterolemics, etc. Streptomycetes are crucial in the soil environment because their diverse metabolism allows them to degrade the insoluble remains of other organisms, including recalcitrant compounds such as lignocelluloses and chitin. Streptomycetes produce both substrate and aerial mycelium. The latter shows characteristic modes of branching, and in the course of the streptomycete complex life cycle, these hyphae are partly transformed into chains of spores, which are often called conidia or arthrospores. An important feature in Streptomyces is the presence of type-I peptidoglycan in the cell walls that contains characteristic interpeptide glycine bridges. Another remarkable trait of streptomycetes is that they contain very large (~8 million base pairs which is about twice the size of most bacterial genomes) linear chromosomes with distinct telomeres. These rearrangements consist of the deletion of several hundred kilobases, often associated with the amplification of an adjacent sequence, and lead to metabolic diversity within the Streptomyces group. Sequencing of several strains of Streptomyces is aimed partly on understanding the mechanisms involved in these diversification processes. This organism is a well known producer of the anti-parasitic agent avermectin which is widely used to rid livestock of worm and insect infestations and to protect large numbers of people from river blindness in sub-Saharan Africa.

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SubjectStartEndLengthSubject Host DescriptionCDS descriptionE-valueBit score
NC_013929:8106492:812615581261558126901747Streptomyces scabiei 87.22 chromosome, complete genome20S proteasome subunit alpha4e-127454
NC_003888:1751179:175764917576491758413765Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2), complete genome20S proteasome alpha-subunit7e-125446
NC_013093:2471574:247936524793652480156792Actinosynnema mirum DSM 43827, complete genome20S proteasome A and B subunits1e-63242
NC_014215:1243125:126526912652691265994726Propionibacterium freudenreichii subsp. shermanii CIRM-BIA1,20S proteasome alpha-subunit1e-61236
NC_013158:2714778:273526427352642736001738Halorhabdus utahensis DSM 12940, complete genomeProteasome endopeptidase complex4e-0858.5
NC_015216:2213427:222293622229362223685750Methanobacterium sp. AL-21 chromosome, complete genomeproteasome subunit alpha1e-0653.5